Accuracy up to date, factual, detailed, exact, comprehensive, audience and purpose reflect intentions of completeness and accuracy. Does it make sense. Be careful, then, when a source shows problems like these: Information presented on organizational web sites On-line journals that use refereeing peer review by editors or others Postings of information taken from books or journals that have a quality control process Note: You need not worry about believing or disbelieving the claim right away.
If a claim being made is surprising or hard to believe, use caution and demand more evidence than you might require for a lesser claim.
Stand right up to the information and ask questions. Google Scholar displays how many times an academic piece of literature was cited, which is a rough numerical indicator of how influential the research was.
Information workers sometimes called knowledge workers all over the world are constantly poring over, processing, and evaluating information--and making notes.
Your professors will expect you to use some journals; in fact, the more advanced your courses are, the more you should be using journal articles in your research as opposed to magazine articles.
Some fields such as the humanities prefer their students use books for sources rather than websites, since books typically contain more detailed information and perhaps more in-depth thinking than websites do. Even in very controversial areas gun control, global warming, abortion, capital punishment and promotional contexts product claims and evaluations we expect reasons, data, and emotional restraint.
Audience and Purpose For whom is this source intended and for what purpose. But the truth is that only some information is power: If, for example, you find a writer reviewing a book he opposes by asserting that "the entire book is completely worthless claptrap," you might suspect there is more than a reasoned disagreement at work.
But note the difference between, "Allan Thornton, employee of the National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Agency, says that a new ice age is near," and "The National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Agency said today that a new ice age is near.
Source Documentation or Bibliography In the art world, several paintings by Vincent van Gogh have sold for more than 50 million dollars each. They work well for both humanities and scientific papers. Here are some clues to a lack of reasonableness: Indicators of a Lack of Accuracy In addition to an obvious tone or style that reveals a carelessness with detail or accuracy, there are several indicators that may mean the source is inaccurate, either in whole or in part: Even the search results order of pages from a search engine like Google represents a type of evaluative metainformation, since pages are ranked in part by the number of other pages linked to them and hence "voting" for them in some sense.
Otherwise, someone may be just making up numbers.
Evidence of quality control of Internet material includes these items: For example, a professional anti-business group will find, say, that some company or industry is overcharging for widgets.
Mere fame is not an indicator of credibility. Or do the claims lack face validity. One big tip for using interlibrary loan: Instead, you must make an inference from a collection of clues or indicators, based on the use you plan to make of your source.
At the end of this chapter we describe five different guidelines style sheets for citing material. Primary sources are original materials on which other research is based, including: Even in very controversial areas gun control, global warming, abortion, capital punishment and promotional contexts product claims and evaluations we expect reasons, data, and emotional restraint.
Finding Credible Sources Online. The dreaded research paper can leave many wondering where to go for information. With the Internet being so accessible, it might be tempting to type words into Google and use whatever comes up first.
If you chose the topic "Business on the Internet" and focused your efforts on the question of how commercial uses of the Internet are affecting the entire Net, you might not have discovered sufficient sources for your research.
Remember that in college writing, research papers, term papers, and research essays are not simply a repetition of. A. Finding Sources. SUMMARY. Some experts publish great information on the Internet, but there’s a lot of bad information out there as well.
Use Google when you are doing preliminary research or looking for a particular source; In other cases, you’re probably better off using a more academically-oriented source. LINKS. If, for example, you are writing a research paper, and if you are looking for both facts and well-argued opinions to support or challenge a position, you will know which sources can be quickly passed by and which deserve a second look, simply by asking whether each source appears to offer facts and well-argued opinions, or just unsupported claims.
Citing an Internet source is similar to citing a book or periodical. There are different rules for different types of citations (MLA, APA or CSE, for example).
All sources of information can be of relevance depending on the subject matter of the research or project you’re working on. To get a fuller idea of the event you may look at more than one primary source of information – taking into account biases, points-of-view and personal or cultural perceptions.
Whenever you use the internet.Internet as a source of information when writing a research